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青春期孩子抑郁呈现出低龄化的趋势,作为家长该怎么办?-给力心理
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青春期孩子抑郁呈现出低龄化的趋势,作为家长该怎么办?

青春期孩子抑郁呈现出低龄化的趋势,作为家长该怎么办?
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发表时间:2020-02-27 05:30:47 2062 3 39

青少年抑郁的现象越来越普遍,一方面他们通过网络咨询积极寻求自救,另一方面家长又毫不知情,即使听见孩子的求助,家长也置若罔闻,觉得孩子在小题大做,直到孩子出现过激的行为:自残或者意图自杀,家长才慌了神,把孩子带到心理咨询所或者医院精神科或者心理科进行治疗。

孩子进入青春期后,由于生理上的变化,男孩出现了首次遗精,女孩出现了第一次月经,开始对异性产生朦朦胧胧的好感。而很多家长在孩子进入青春期之前由于不懂得如何对孩子进行性教育而没有对孩子进行科学有效的性教育,让孩子对自己和异性的身体产生新奇感开始喜欢关注自我:比如服装是否好看,自己的外形是美还是丑,自己是否被同学喜欢、是否有聊得来的朋友?

这时候的孩子开始喜欢照镜子,更加关注自己的发型和服装,常常会因为同伴或者家人的一句话而高兴或者黯然神伤,情绪起伏很大。

孩子的青春期是孩子第二次建立自我的关键期,对孩子的成长意义非常重大。

一个建立良好自我的孩子,更加懂得自尊、自重、自爱。

很多孩子在2岁左右没有建立好自我,可以通过青春期来补足。

对于处于青春期的孩子,家长如何引导和陪伴特别重要。

孩子在青春期最希望得到尊重和理解,正处于一个生理上的成熟期和心理上的不成熟期,看起来是个成年人,其实只是一个生理逐渐成熟心理未完全成熟的“小大人”。这时候的孩子既需要得到自我的表达与肯定,同时也希望得到来自成年人的鼓励和支持。他们不喜欢被干涉,当他们被家长教导时,他们感觉到的是自己没有得到尊重,但当他们遇到问题时,他们又希望得到家长的指导。

他们认为他们可以主导自己的生活,同时他们又希望在自己需要得到帮助时得到家长、老师和同学的帮助。

他们不希望被家长安排他们的生活,他们更希望实现独立,得到尊重。

由于心理上的不成熟,他们迷茫时又希望得到来自亲人的关心和支持。

这一矛盾的性格在孩子青春期表现得特别突出。

这时候同伴关系对孩子的影响大于父母对孩子的影响。很多孩子在青春期交坏了朋友,从而让自己的人生走了弯路!

鉴于青春期孩子的特点,家长需要去尝试了解青春期孩子一些特点:比如情绪容易冲动,不愿意受到家长控制。当孩子情绪冲动时家长要学会着重理解孩子的感受,而不去评价孩子的对与错。等待孩子情绪平和以后再来交流沟通,如有必要,请专业的心理咨询师与孩子交流,了解孩子的想法,让孩子更加了解自己的行为,理解父母对孩子的期待与爱,帮助孩子平安度过青春期。

有些孩子童年时候遭遇过家暴,或者父母离异,这样的孩子在青春期抑郁的危险性更大。他们沉浸在过去的痛苦中无力自拔,也感受不到来自家人的关心和爱。有这样经历孩子最好进行系统的心理辅导。

系统的心理辅导次数因人而异, 与孩子的个性、自我感受痛苦程度、咨询师的风格、家长的配合度都有密切的关系。

从心理咨询的效果和帮助孩子塑造良好的人格角度来看,我们提倡中长期的心理辅导。

从心理咨询的费用来看,家长肯定希望花最少的钱解决孩子的心理问题。

短程心理咨询以3-5次为一个疗程比较好。最少不少于两次。也可以一次两小时。

如果孩子在青春期没有做好自我的建立和完善,终身都会寻找自我,即陷入“我是谁”的困惑之中。

了解和懂得青春期的孩子,运用科学的家庭教育方法和系统的心理咨询支持,帮助青春期孩子远离抑郁,拥有良好的人格,帮助他们拥有更好的生活需要来自家庭、学校、社会三方的共同努力!

我们作为心理咨询师,一直走在路上!

期待更多的家长和老师也加入到关注青少年心理健康的队伍中来!

 

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本文作者

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长程个案

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续单率

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咨询时
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