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心理咨询常识-给力心理
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心理咨询常识

心理咨询常识
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发表时间:2017-04-27 15:34:54 2724 2 20

心理咨询常识

1、心理咨询对什么样的人效果最好?

来访者愿意接受心理咨询,希望自己在感受和行为上做出改变,而且希望从咨询中获得帮助。

来访者是一个能够充分表达和反思自己经历的人。动机比较高的人在咨询中颇为合作,与咨询师坦诚交流,而且承担来访者角色的不同方面。在心理咨询中,这些人最可能获益,而且确实获益最多。

2、心理咨询一般需要多次时间?

心理咨询一般每次50分钟,如果是简单的心理困惑,一般几次就行了。如果问题原因复杂,或者有性格原因,需要的次数就比较多,时间就比较长,需要十多次甚至几十次。

因为有的心理问题不是一两天形成的,当然也就不可能几次就将它们解决掉。

心理咨询的最终目的是心灵的成长,而成长是一个极其缓慢的过程,不可能一蹴而就。

3、心理咨询要收费吗?

弗洛伊德认为,不收费的心理治疗对患者无益。因为一个没有适当付出的咨询过程,求助者是不大可能重视心理医生指导的,也未必想通过努力真正去改变自己目前的心理状况。

其次,收费,也是为了咨询师和来访者保持现实上的距离。收费明确了咨询师的责任和义务,也同时明确了来访者的权利和责任。不收费的心理咨询往往是比较随意的。咨询师和来访者的权利、义务关系就显得相对暧昧不清,或变成一种权利关系,或产生一种不必要的罪恶感,从而影响咨访关系。

当然,如果你是在校生,校内咨询室一般都是免费的。

4、为什么这么贵?

也许应该问,为什么这么便宜?首先,咨询师培训是一个非常长期的过程,需要支付很高的费用进行学习、培训、训练、督导。其次,咨询师每天接待的来访者的人数是有限定的,在限定人数上保持咨询的质量和效率,则要求咨询师花费时间与金钱不错能量,接受督导。再者,虽然看上去是坐着聊聊天,但心理咨询师付出的是强度极高的脑力劳动,理应获得与之相应的劳动报酬。

5、心理咨询师是什么样的人?

心理咨询师首先是一个自然人、社会人、普通人,拥有普通人的所有情感,也一样有困惑和烦恼。

其次心理咨询师是一种职业角色,他们心思细腻,观察敏锐,有较好的觉察力和感受性,愿意用学到的心理学理论和技术去帮助有心理困扰的人。

6、对心理咨询师什么都能说吗?

在你觉得安全和对咨询师完全信任的情形下,你应该把你的想法和对咨询师的看法全部说出来,这样对咨询最有利。

当然,安全感和信任感是逐渐建立起来的,你不可能一开始就决定信任咨询师。相信你的感受吧!

7、我能在咨询以外的时间跟咨询师联系吗,比如电话、微信?

心理咨询师和你是咨访关系,最好只在咨询时间接触。要尽可能避免发展咨询以外的任何关系,比如朋友关系等。

出发遇到及其严重的问题,比如想要自杀、情绪崩溃,方可在咨询时间外联系咨询师。

8、心理咨询师会对我的问题保密吗?

为来访者保密,是对心理咨询师的职业道德的基本要求。在保密内容上,有三个层次:

第一,绝对保密的内容:任何你的个人独有的资料都是绝对保密的,例如姓名、住址、电话号码等等。

第二,相对保密的内容:指并非你独有的那些材料,这些材料即使有人知道了,也无法据此判断那就是你。例如很多心理问题的表现,都是成千上万来访者共有的。心理咨询师有时需要将你的这方面情况与他的同行讨论,以便给你提供更好的咨询。

第三,不承诺履行保密义务的内容,包括两种:触犯相关法律,例如你可能对自己或他人构成危害的;你的情况比较严重,并涉及到自身安全,如自杀、自残、严重的抑郁等,咨询师会在必要时,通知你的亲属或监护人,并同时征求你的意见,以确保你的安全。

9、看心理咨询师以前需要做什么准备?

基本上不需要做准备工作。

有人来之前讲自己的问题写在纸上,见了咨询师就照着念,这并不好。

咨询师希望跟你有直接交流,而不希望跟你隔着点什么,哪怕是一张稿纸。

10、为什么最好在正式咨询前进行受理面谈?

受理面谈,也称为预备咨询,是指对前来咨询的来访者,所存在的心理问题及对此可能给予的心理援助进行判定的、正式咨询前的谈话。它是构成心理咨询的重要步骤,也是通往心理咨询的桥梁。

咨询师询问来访者情况,初步判定女解决心理问题。制定相应的咨询计划,包括目标、次数、频率等。

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本文作者

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公益助人

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收费助人

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长程个案

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续单率

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咨询时
0 性价比

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