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从心理学角度解读“末日心理”-给力心理
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从心理学角度解读“末日心理”

从心理学角度解读“末日心理”
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发表时间:2015-02-28 14:14:18 313 0 0

核心提示: 有的人之所以把一些自然界的现象看成是灾难将临的预兆,其实都是‘末日心理’在作怪。他们大多心理素质比较脆弱,往往还很敏感、不够成熟,并且自我意识较弱。

在玛雅预言中, 12月21日是世界末日,那天地球陷入一片黑暗。人们为了求生只好提前造好诺亚方舟,逃离即将毁灭的地球。自从2009年的美国灾难电影《2012》以来,人们对于“世界末日”之说一直津津乐道,甚至网络上一名叫“末日姐”的女白领辞掉优越的工作,到山野中打造属于自己的诺亚方舟。姑且不论这是否为炒作,但随着所谓的“末日”的临近,人们更加是乐此不疲,而一些心理素质较脆弱的人竟也为此忧心忡忡,到底是为何呢?下面我们从心理学的角度来解读时下所谓的“末日心理”:

首先,认知一致性的需要。

在一般情况下,人们都有维持自己的观点或认知一致性的需要,以保持心理平衡。如果人们的认知出现了前后不一致时,也就是出现了所谓的认知上的失调,这时人的心理会出现紊乱或不安,他就会力求通过重新组织或改变自己的观点,以达到新的认知上的平衡。除了玛雅预言之外,还有古印度人、藏人等都预言2012年会是世界末日,不少人为了保持自己认知的一致性,便对于末日说深信不疑。

其次,源自于死亡本能的需要。

死亡本能又被称为毁坏冲动,这是一种要摧毁秩序、回到前生命状态的冲动。“死亡本能”按照弗洛伊德的学说主张,这种学说认为每个人的身上有一种趋向毁灭和侵略的本能。而这冲动起初是朝着我们自己本身而发的。弗洛伊德认为这个死亡的本能设法要使个人走向死亡,因为那里才有真正的平静,个人才有希望完全解除紧张和挣扎。

还有,源自对于痛苦的回避心理。

人们通常喜欢看到痛苦发生在别人身上,哪怕自己也会遭遇灾难。另外,由于所谓的“世界末日”灾难具有普遍性,自身的痛苦放到全世界的层面,就会变得微乎其微了。不过毕竟这种灾难是会伤及自身,个体由此而产生的逃避倾向,也会产生一些恐惧情绪。

最后,就是社会心理学的从众心理。

从众心理即指个人受到外界人群行为的影响,而在自己的知觉、判断、认识上表现出符合于公众舆论或多数人的行为方式。在社会信息传播如此发达的今天,人们或多或少会受到大众传媒的导向,对于末日说就会遵循社会大众的普遍观念。

其实,“末日心理”也反映了许多人面对灾难时的一种消极心态,自然灾害如此,生活挫折也如此,盲目的恐惧、逃避心理并不能解决问题,我们应该平静的接纳周围的环境,理性的对待,尽我们自身的努力做自己能做的。在时下的社会,或许所谓的“末日心理”能给许多人一种危机感,思考生命的厚重而又短暂。活在当下,珍惜现在的生活!

 

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