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在美国心理咨询界,psychiatrist、psychologist、therapist、counselor 等称谓的区别是怎样的?-给力心理
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在美国心理咨询界,psychiatrist、psychologist、therapist、counselor 等称谓的区别是怎样的?

在美国心理咨询界,psychiatrist、psychologist、therapist、counselor 等称谓的区别是怎样的?
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发表时间:2015-01-29 14:33:04 621 0 0

Psychiatrist :翻成中文就是精神科医生,须医学院毕业,有处方权。他们做的事情就是从事精神医学的诊断药物治疗为主的精神科治疗。一般psychiatrist私人执业和在医院或机构执业两种不同的走向。
私人执业的话,一般价格比较高,但是Psychiatrist也比较耐心会花1小时时间跟病人进行谈话治疗,而不仅仅是开药的药物治疗。 而机构或医院的话就没有那么美好了,也跟大家去医院看医生一样所了解到的一般会是10-30分钟不等的坐诊时间。
Psychologist 这里有很多种类,如果跟心理咨询相关的psychologist就叫clinical psychologist 就是中文里的临床心理学家,一般也是需要在完成ph.d psy.d 的临床心理学学业之后,通过考证及交钱,取得psychologist board 的认可方能冠名"I am psychologist"这个title,美国对于自己的称呼是非常严格的,没有达到要求的人如果声称自己是,一旦被发现,就会被board查处有惩罚措施,因为属于职业道德中的一条。
临床心理学家做的事情跟心理咨询师差不多,只是包含的范围要再广一点,收费再高一点。但是和心理咨询师一样,他们不是医学院毕业的,故和其他人一样没有处方权,有治疗权及诊断、测量的权力。然后临床心理学家可以做的事情有非常多,大部分的临床心理学家会选择一半做研究一半搞临床实践也即心理咨询等应用实践的事,比如私人执业。也有一部分临床心理学家他们偏向搞研究,偶尔在机构里坐诊,作为督导、培训指导其他心理咨询师的位置存在。也有部分临床心理学家会返回教学岗,做做guest speaker 或者讲师。 这些都是因他们个人选择及psy.d ph.d出身有关系。

Therapist/Counselor :这两者没有区别,就是叫法不同,源自一次跟国内相似的改革,想要分开psychotherapy counseling但是最终还是一样,只是名词使用不同。他们都是心理咨询师或叫治疗师。不同的牌上使用的词也不同,有些叫therapist有些叫counselor 

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