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为什么春天是抑郁症的高发期?-给力心理
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为什么春天是抑郁症的高发期?

为什么春天是抑郁症的高发期?
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发表时间:2015-09-14 10:28:14 773 0 1


文/卢先森

当今社会,要是情绪低落了,谁不说自己是抑郁症还跟不上时代,就身边的朋友而言,常常把“抑郁”两字挂在嘴边的一定不少,当然大部分是自嘲,但当下正值春季,真正的抑郁症也在悄悄蔓延开来,这不得不让我们提高警惕,预防从了解开始,让我们看看它的真面目。

 

一、何为抑郁症?

抑郁症又称抑郁障碍,以显著而持久的心境低落为主要临床特征,是心境障碍的主要类型。临床可见心境低落与其处境不相称,消沉的情绪等级可以从闷闷不乐到悲痛欲绝,甚至悲观厌世,严重时会产生自杀企图或行为;部分病例有明显的焦虑和运动性激越;严重者可出现幻觉、妄想等精神病性症状。

每次发作持续至少两周以上,有的甚至数年,多数病例有反复发作的倾向,每次发作大多数可以缓解,部分可有残留症状或转为慢性。

产生抑郁症的原因多重复杂,其中包含生物、心理与社会环境诸多方面因素。如生物学神经内分泌;易患病的抑郁气质性格;遭遇应激性的生活事件,都是抑郁发作的重要触发条件。然而,以上这些因素并不是单独起作用的,目前认为生理遗传与环境之间的交互作用,是抑郁症发病的最大原因。

既然环境作为其中重要因素的,那为何春天的环境让我们如此脆弱?

 

二、看看春天是如何搞鬼的?

古诗有云:“春色满园关不住,一枝红杏出墙来。”这里想表达一切新生的美好的事物也是封锁不住、禁锢不了的,它必能冲破任何束缚,蓬勃发展。另外“叫春”、“发春”两个词大家一定不陌生,除了常规的动物发情意思以外,还有春气发动,万物发生的意思。在这个季节,无论是植物还是动物,只要有生命力,都会被春天的力量唤醒。

 

那春天的力量是怎么影响我们的身体呢?

首先春天气压比较低,空气中含氧量较低,耗氧量20%的大脑极其敏感,所以注意力不集中,情绪低落,心烦意乱,不安躁动种种不良反应接踵而来。

其次是生物的代谢进入旺盛期,周围的生物体在这个季节会发出一种次声波,影响人的内分泌系统,导致人体内分泌的激素紊乱,从而进一步促进情绪问题的产生。

春天的气候变化比较大,特别是早晚温差大,会造成人体一些内环境的变化,免疫力下降,极易生病,同时会使人的情绪发生波动,容易引发各种精神疾病的发生和复发。

 

三、社会环境的变化也不容忽视

专家研究表明,抑郁症的发病率增长十分惊人。1982年的全国流行病学调查显示,当时抑郁症患病率仅有0.83%;而近年根据多个机构的调查,我国抑郁症患者已超过6000万人,患病率约4%~8%,发病率上升了50~100倍。

虽说“春天”和抑郁症脱不了关系,但抑郁症的其他高危因素,无一不与社会环境的剧烈变动密切相关。比如:高学历人群,学习、备考期间;婚姻感情不幸福的夫妻,分居和离婚期间;明星、艺人在强大工作压力下,以及都市人群在高速运转的环境下,易出现焦虑、抑郁等情绪,加上春季这样特殊的气候,更加容易引发抑郁症。

 

四、预防大于治疗

饮食:要保证营养的平衡和充足,在科学角度上建议:人们应该摄入含有胡萝卜素、维生素的食物,还要保证高蛋白的摄入,研究表明这些食物会让大脑保持活跃状态。

睡眠:大约6~10个小时,想睡就睡一会,睡眠也是大脑的一种自我调节,对大脑有益。但是睡眠过度就不太好,容易做梦,也容易导致身体的虚弱,精神的恍惚,乏力等不好的影响。

 

生活:学会去转移注意力,在感到自己有低落情绪时,不要一个人老呆在不变的环境中,可以走出去感受外面的环境,接受新的刺激和变化。

运动:进行较长距离的散步,慢跑等促进心脏和血液循环的活动,以身体稍微感到疲惫为准,不要乱想问题,专心的散步或者是慢跑,享受运动的乐趣与滋味。身体的运动,往往可以缓解脑力过度的思考,压抑,导致的大脑功能降低,抑郁,嗜睡的症状,舒缓神经,缓解大脑疲惫。运动不仅仅是一种体魄上的磨练,更能磨练人的心智、培养耐心,也可以通过这种方式来转移注意力和发泄,这个结论适用于任何年龄、人群及性别。

 

如果仍然无法摆脱这种状态,自己的尊严,去寻找心理医生吧,你的生命更加珍贵。 

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