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你所误解的心理咨询-给力心理
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你所误解的心理咨询

你所误解的心理咨询
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发表时间:2015-04-23 11:21:43 180 0 0

这几年,心理咨询这个词被越来越多的人所知道,但就我接触到的熟人,朋友,亲戚,以及来访者们来说,很多人对心理咨询存在着误解:

 

一、心理咨询就是你问我答吗?

 

很多人觉得心理咨询和法律咨询,商务咨询差不多,就是问问题,然后心理咨询师们来回答这个问题,问题就解决了,或者我问问题,你给我个方法,我按照那个方法做,我的烦恼就消失了。

其实哪有这么简单,也不可能这么神奇。心理咨询包括很多知识和技术,在咨询中,来访者会述说自己的烦恼,咨询师倾听,观察,分析,解释,质对,引导来访者领悟等等,咨询师需要应用所学的各种心理学知识来灵活面对来访者。每个来访者都是独一无二的,他们有独一无二的的成长经历,性格,家庭环境和故事。所以针对每个来访者的咨询都是不一样的,哪怕是面对有同样症状的两个人。

除了语言沟通外,咨询师与来访者的关系也非常重要,尤其体现在以精神动力学为主的咨询中,咨询师的不带评价贬低的中立性,往往成为来访者修复以往情节和关系的主要因素。

 

二、去做心理咨询的都是有精神病的。

 

如果有严重的精神疾病,比如精神分裂,人格障碍,双相障碍,严重抑郁症,严重焦虑症等,首先应该去看精神科医生,在医生的建议下看是否能做心理咨询。有些疾病,是需要服药病情稳定了才可以做心理咨询的。

其实心理咨询应用的领域很广泛,比如恋爱问题,婚姻问题,家庭关系,亲子关系,青春期心理,职场压力,离婚,移民,遭遇应激事件,丧失亲人,重大疾病的心理调适等等,当你遇到自己无法解决的心理问题,又很痛苦时,不妨去寻求心理咨询的帮助。心理咨询只是一项服务而已,并不是你去做了心理咨询就证明你有病了。

 

三、心理咨询师应该都是有爱心的,为什么要收费?

 

就如前面所说,心理咨询只是365行里面的一种职业而已,既然是职业,是服务,就应该收费,不是吗?心理咨询师用其专业的付出为您提供服务,您最简单的回报就是约定好的费用。

其实做心理咨询是很耗神的一件事,如果一个个案一次咨询用了50分钟,这50分钟后咨询师要写个案记录,要为这个个案设计方案,查找资料,为保证咨询质量,还要自己花钱请督导师来对个案进行督导,花在这个个案上的时间也许3倍5倍不止。

 

四、心理咨询可以用QQ吗?可以用EMAIL吗?可以电话咨询吗?

 

我遇到的很多来访者,都是加我QQ,然后在QQ上打字问问题,觉得这就是咨询了,或者给我发EMAIL,期待我给他一个答案。

QQ上的文字沟通或者EMAIL,可以作为刚开始双方刚接触时了解情况的方式,但是正式的咨询肯定不能用这样的方式。因为我们的思想转化成文字,再被对方看到和理解,这中间不知道会漏掉多少信息,增加多少误解。再加上我们又不是作家,文字表达能力都有限,造成的误解更多了,所以没办法作为咨询的主要途径。

电话咨询当然要比文字咨询好一些,但是如果条件允许,视频和面对面咨询也很重要。因为来访者本人长相,打扮,气质都是很重要的信息,另外人们的肢体语言其实很重要,很多时候肢体语言更能表达你的心情和想法。

 

五、心理咨询一次就可以了吧?

 

心理咨询没有一次就可以的。其实严格来说第一到第四次咨询都是用来收集资料,了解和评估你这个人,你的问题,以及这个咨询师是否适合你,接下来的才是正式咨询。

一个人的成长经历多复杂,作为一个外人来说,心理咨询师要充分了解你,必然要收集你尽可能多的资料,比如你的童年经历,你的成长经历,你的家庭,父母是什么样的人,你现在的状况,你的性经历等等。如果一个咨询师什么都不了解,就开始给你解释,建议,那这位肯定是不负责任的咨询师。

一般来说普通问题可能5-20次,严重的问题有的需要做好几年,几百次的心理治疗。当然这也跟疗法有关。

 

六、心理咨询为什么要限定时间?

 

每次咨询50分钟左右,是弗洛伊德老人家经过多年经验研究推敲出来最适合咨询的时间,一直沿用至今,每次咨询如果超过了这个时间,那来访者和咨询师都会感觉很疲惫,毕竟心理咨询是需要高度集中注意力的,不同于一般的聊天,并不是时间越长越好。短于这个时间会收集不到足够的信息,没有足够的处理时间,咨询效果也不好。当然超出几分钟一般也是常见的。

作者:陶燕琳

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本文作者

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公益助人

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收费助人

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长程个案

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续单率

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咨询时
0 性价比

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/" class="a_home">作者主页
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