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心理咨询有风险 风险不是空穴风-给力心理
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心理咨询有风险 风险不是空穴风

心理咨询有风险 风险不是空穴风
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发表时间:2015-04-08 09:59:56 174 0 0

随着心理咨询日益成为人们解决生活中各种烦恼的重要途径,网络和现实生活中充斥了各种提供心理咨询的信息。作为心理咨询师走向社会,开始执业前的实战练习,为大众提供心理咨询特别是免费的心理咨询无疑是一个很好的提高途径,我们也不排除部分求助者从中受益;但是作为求助者,这却实实在在地存在咨询风险,如果不能提高在免费心理咨询中的风险意识,这种风险带来的危害将是十分严重的。
          
风险的主要来源:
          
心理咨询风险主要来自于人的风险。一边儿是“二把刀”的心理咨询师带来的,一边儿是盲目的求助者带来的。
          
当前的心理咨询师主要由以下几类人员组成:一是医院的医务工作者。准确的说,这部分人也不一定就是正在临床从事医疗工作的医生,部分人只是持有医疗、护理等专科文凭,或者具有相关的中级技术职务;二是教育工作者。这部分人员也不一定就是正在学校从事教育工作的教师,部分人只是持有教育类的专科文凭,或者具有相关的中级技术职务;第三种是心理工作人员。这部分人员也不一定就是正在从事心理咨询实战的的心理专家,部分人只是持有心理类的专科等文凭,或者具有相关的中级技术职务,或者是从事心理理论研究的人员;第四种就是所学专业和所从事的工种与心理咨询工作毫无瓜葛,只是个人爱好,通过培训考试进入了心理咨询领域。
         
以上四种,只要通过国家的心理咨询师职业资格鉴定考试,都是国家承认的,有正式职业资格的心理咨询人员。这些人员原来专业和从事工作所形成的职业思维定势,几乎毫无例外的都在指导着自己的心理咨询实践。比如一位医疗系列出身的心理咨询师,总是不自觉的把求助者的问题定位于各类神经症或精神障碍,教育系列出身的心理咨询师,在心理咨询过程中会不自觉的发挥指导者的作用,扮演教育者的角色;一位心理系列出身的心理咨询师,则往往用各种多样的心理理论打扮自己,在咨询中引入心理专业理论和名词术语,弄得求助者云山雾罩不知所云;而第四种出身的心理咨询师更偏重于拿自身说事儿,企图用自己的经验和教训打动求助者。
         
由此可以看来,目前的心理咨询师在没有经过几百个小时的心理咨询实战锤炼前,都可能存在和自身素质明显相关的缺陷。这些缺陷,不说明该咨询师是不合格的,这里面有一个心理潜规则:就是人总是有意无意的把话题引向自己更擅长的领域。这种现象经过心理咨询的长期实战是可以的得到矫正的。而在矫正之前,这些咨询师的不当言论和咨询,会给他们的求助者带来麻烦,甚至带来求助者自己都感受不到的恶果。
          
至于求助者由于盲目求助带来的后果更为直接。一是心理咨询在大众中还没有深入普及,所以很多人遇到心理问题后不知到哪里获得帮助,他们对目前国内特别是网络上铺天盖地的心理咨询信息无所适从,没有甄辩能力,所谓“有病乱投医”;二是经济限制。心理咨询是一项智能高消耗的工作,所以心理咨询是不应该免费的,即便有些机构处于奉献社会提出免费或者优惠,但是一定要从别处多少收取一些费用,其实这也是心理咨询工作规范的要求。全免费的心理咨询不仅常常存在隐患,而且也不符合国家对本职业的职业规范。但是由于经济所限,70%以上的求助者,都会毫不犹豫的选择免费的心理咨询,他们往往认为,反正是免费的,如果不行,自己也损失不了什么——这种观点是完全错误的。经常见到一些来中国心理咨询师网心理医院咨询的求助者对心理咨询师缺乏信任,对心理咨询的作用将信将疑,原因是他的第一次咨询遇到了“二把刀”的咨询师。这种心理暗示和影响会伴随着求助者,事实上,可以这么说,因为一次“二把刀”咨询师导致的失败咨询,可能会让求助者蒙上阴影,甚至关闭一条在他的一生中本来可以选择的健康康复途径。
       

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本文作者

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公益助人

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长程个案

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续单率

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咨询时
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