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婚姻咨询:幸福婚姻的五大需求-给力心理
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婚姻咨询:幸福婚姻的五大需求

婚姻咨询:幸福婚姻的五大需求
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发表时间:2015-03-30 11:19:04 252 0 0

列夫·托尔斯泰在《安娜·卡列尼娜》的第一句写到:“幸福的婚姻都是相似的,不幸的婚姻各有各的不幸”。说明幸福的婚姻是有有迹可循的,美国著名心理学家亨利·默里针对人类的心理需要方面做了很多的科学研究,最后他总结出了夫妻间保持幸福和谐关系所必须满足各自的五种心理需要:

一、尊重的需要

每个人的自尊心从很小就拥有,但它往往极为脆弱,一旦受到伤害,就会感到痛苦万分。相反,人们如果时常感觉被尊重或被接纳,就会感到十分欣慰及满足。因此,夫妻之间只有时常表现出相互尊重、相互理解,相互信任,其爱情及婚姻生活才能得到更多满足,幸福感才会得到不断提升。任何的指责,教训,蔑视或者贬低对方的口吻或行为都可能会损害对方的自尊心,最终严重影响到婚姻的质量,甚至将导致悲剧的发生。

二、自主和表现的需要

人人都希望按自己的思想和意志办事。这是自主需要的体现。每个人都希望在别人面前能充分地表现自己,尽其所能地发挥自己的才能,展示良好的风采,并且希望能更充分地运用自己的智慧创造出更多的劳动成果,实现自我价值,得到更多人的认同,这正是满足内在心理需求的表现。夫妻之间同样需要时常通过眼神,语言或行为来使对方获得更多的喜悦、欢愉和惊叹,进而得到更多被欣赏和接纳的感觉,最终实现自我接纳。

三、交往的需要

参与社会活动,融入现实人群是人类生活保持活力及乐趣的原动力。不喜欢与他人交往,不愿意接近人群的做法,很难被现代社会所认同。在婚姻生活中,要同样时刻保持关注对方的外在需要及内在需求,这样不仅可以加深了解,提高认识,还可以进一步深入彼此内心,保持更多的心灵沟通和链接方式,使得爱情变得更专一更稳固,也可使得家庭生活时刻保持鲜活,婚姻生活也将永葆青春。

四、爱好和情感的需要

夫妻双方来自不同的家庭,其家庭条件,教育背景,地域文化及爱好等均有所不同,此时需要尽可能多地去了解对方的心理需求,有目的地去顺应及满足对方的心理需求。只要任何琐碎的家庭事务的处理上都付出了自己的真诚及爱心,双方才会体察和获得更大的心理满足。唯有这样,婚姻关系里才不会充斥着怨恨,失落,抱怨甚至仇视。因此,越稳固的家庭,越稳定的婚姻,其家庭内部一定是拥有丰富的爱的作为滋养的。

五、宣泄的需要

即使再幸福的夫妻也并非能够保持整日心情愉快,时刻充满欢乐的,他们与那些平凡的夫妻一样也一定有哀愁,有痛苦和矛盾的时候,也会出现情绪激动甚至争吵的状况。但这些夫妻们最大的智慧在于,当某一方情绪出现不稳定时,另一方会及时作出评估,作出妥协和让步,甚至会甘愿主动成为另一方的聆听者,倾听其心声,用稳定平和的情绪帮助对方度过困扰期。从某种意义上说最好的心理医生或许就是你的另一半,当某一方能主动敞开心扉宣泄自己的情感,诉说自己苦闷时,这是体现和表达爱的最好机会。此刻只需做一些安慰、疏导,以充满爱意表达温暖地陪伴在对方身旁时,就能最大程度地化解其内心的焦虑,使其较快地痛苦中解脱出来。只有让自己的伴侣时刻能感受到爱的存在,感受到你坚定的支持和无条件的陪伴,婚姻关系才能保持得更持久更和谐。

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