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青少年回避型人格障碍的心理案例-给力心理
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青少年回避型人格障碍的心理案例

青少年回避型人格障碍的心理案例
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发表时间:2015-02-06 15:05:13 365 0 0

 1.来询者根基情形及主诉

  求治者是一名高三男孩。他有一位老友,年夜初一至今都在一个班,初中时关系很好,高一后两人关系起头冷淡起来,他的进修成就也年夜不如以前。而且在这时他感受老友总在冲击他。好比,当他专心进修时,老友时常和其他同窗在旁边群情专靠勤恳死念书在高中已不赌暌姑了,并不用慕靠死念书拼出的几分成就。之类的话。他认为,这些群情是针对他、冲击他。之后,他们的关系日就衰败,这种情形一向延续至今。此刻他们的座位离得很近,这使他更在乎老友,总感受在受老友的影响,这个肩负影响着自己的进修。来者不知该若何扔失踪这个肩负。此外,来者还有一些其他问题,如上台讲演易脸红,声音寒战;又如晚上迟睡,第二天早晨总在想:糟了,今天的进修效率又低了。他总在担忧失踪眠会影响身体。可是越想越无法解脱这种困扰。

  2.剖析和诊断

  这位男孩是一名回避型人格障碍患者。回避型人格又叫逃避型人格,其最年夜的特点是行为畏缩、心理自卑,面临挑战多采纳回避立场或无能对于,首要默示特征是:①很轻易因他人的攻讦或不拥护而受到危险;②除了至亲之外,没有好伴侣或贴心人(或仅有一个);③行为退缩,对需要人际交往的社会勾当或工作老是尽量回避;④心理自卑,在社交场所老是默然无语,怕惹人笑话,避不回覆问题;⑤敏感羞怯,害怕在别人面前露出窘态;⑥在做那些通俗的但不在自己常规之中的事时,老是夸年夜潜在的坚苦、危险或可能的冒险。

  回避型人格障碍的人被攻讦求全训斥后,经常感应自尊心受到危险而陷入疾苦,很难年夜疾苦中解脱出来。他们害怕加入社交勾当,担忧自己的言行不妥被人讥讽,过度管忧自己的情感状况,常是以显得焦炙不安。

  心理学家认为回避型人格障碍首要因为自卑感引起,具体有以下几个原因:①自我认知不足过于低估自己。每小我老是以他酬报镜来熟悉自己,如不美观他人对自己做了较低的评价,出格是较有权威的人的评价,就会影响对自己的熟悉,年夜而低估了自己。②消极的自我暗示按捺了自抉择信念。会因为自我熟悉不足经常感受我不行,就会按捺自抉择信念,增添严重,发生心理承担,工作效不美观必然欠安。③挫折的影响。有的人因为神经的感应感染性高而耐受性低,轻细的挫折就会给他们以繁重的冲击,变得消极悲不美观而自卑。

  3.治疗与建议

  (1)求治者要消弭自卑心理,要长于必定自己,不要因为老友的求全训斥就低估了自己,把自己看得一无是处,要增强自抉择信念。

  (2)进行积极的自我暗示、自我鼓舞激励,相信事在酬报。当面临某种情形感应自抉择信念不足时,不妨给自己壮胆:我必然会成功!”

  (3)战胜人际交往障碍,多给自己缔造一些机允ё仝公共场所讲话,敢于表达自己的思惟,多与四周的人沟通聊天。

  (4)多加入一些体育勾当,经由过程体力上的劳动减轻精神压力。

  (5)求治者可以考试考试改变一下进修体例,以一颗安然安祥的心面临进修。不要跟别人比,只要跟自己以前的进修成就比,稍有前进就要鼓舞激励自己。

  (6)不要过多地把精神集中在老友身上,可以就教员辅佐更调一下座位,使自己的精神加倍集中在进修上;或者找老友谈一谈,也许一切误会便会消弭。

  (7)在上台演讲之前要充实地做好筹备,多给自己一些心理暗示;多磨炼几回就好了。最后,要使自己的精神恰当放松一下,好比去加入一些体育勾当,听听音乐,看看杂志,舒缓一下严重的情感,放下进修肩负,失踪眠的症状将会有所缓。

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