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80后90后最易患的强迫症—手机幻听症-给力心理
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80后90后最易患的强迫症—手机幻听症

80后90后最易患的强迫症—手机幻听症
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发表时间:2015-03-23 09:56:28 222 0 0

手机幻听症,实际是强迫症的一种表现,明明没有电话,可耳朵里经常听见自己手机响,这种“幻听”往往是由于工作压力造成的。

生活中许多人都有这样的经历,明明没有电话,可耳朵里经常听见自己手机在响。手机明明已关机,竟还会“听到”自己手机的铃声。手机来电时异常紧张,甚至心跳加速。

类似的情况正困扰着许多白领,这样的病人已占心理科门诊的近三成。专家表示,这些就是“手机幻听症”的具体表现,这种“幻听”往往是由于工作压力造成的,偶尔出现并不影响人们的健康和生活,但如果这样的情况频繁出现就要小心“强迫症”。

何谓“手机幻听症”?

手机幻听症,实际是强迫症的一种表现,明明没有电话,可耳朵里经常听见自己手机响,这种“幻听”往往是由于工作压力造成的,偶尔出现并不影响人们的健康和生活,但如果这样的情况频繁出现就要小心,及早去看心理科门诊。

如何判断“手机幻听症”?

手机幻听症被视为当今社会最新的“时髦”病症之一,这一词语已出现在教育部公布的171个汉语新词中。那么如何才能判断是否被缠上“手机幻听症”呢?

小王大学毕业后,千辛万苦地找工作,最后还是通过父母的关系才谋得一个职位。四处找工作期间,小王时刻留意着手机的动静。找到工作上班后,他仍不时“听”到手机的音乐声,而实际上手机并没有响,他怀疑自己患了“手机幻听症”。

从医学的角度严格地来看,要能称为手机幻听症,需要符合以下五种状况:

1、担心手机会响,每半小时看一次手机;

2、手机无来电,却“听”到手机铃声;

3、无论手机放在哪里,都觉得手机在响铃或振动;

4、手机来电时异常紧张,甚至心跳加速;

5、换了新手机,还能“听”到旧手机的铃声。

如果只符合其中一两项,只是有手机幻听现象而已,称“手机强迫症”或“手机过敏”更恰当。

心理解读:心理超压的一个信号

现在手机已经成为人们生活的必备品,人们用它沟通感情、联络业务。越来越多的人因为依赖手机,把它挂在脖子上、绑在手腕上,一刻离开手机,也会觉得浑身不自在。心理专家表示,这是由于过分依赖手机而形成的一种“强迫症”,也是心里超压发出的信号。

据了解,手机幻听典型症状有以下几种,即无论手机放在哪儿,虽没有来电话,却能“听”到手机铃声;总觉得手机在响,每几分钟看一次手机;手机来电时异常紧张,甚至心跳加速,或者情绪马上低落;换了新铃声,还能“听”到旧手机铃声。

日 前对一些高频率使用手机人群进行的调查结果显示,有50%以上的人有“手机依赖症”。心理专家认为,手机依赖现象是普遍存在的,而且多与职业有关,如媒 体、销售、咨询、公关等频繁使用通讯工具的从业人员,往往铃声一响就立即投入工作,这些人长期处于“待机”状态。手机可以24小时待机,但人哪能撑得住? 长期害怕错过重要信息、丢掉重要客户,心里期待着电话可能带来的信息。这些强烈的心理暗示会诱发人们的“手机依赖”,没有手机在身边,就有人间蒸发的恐 惧,时间长了就会演变成幻听。

应对策略:分散注意力可摆脱

乐 观心理小编指出,手机幻听的心理问题很大部分源于上班族对高科技产品过分依赖造成的。目前手机、电脑等高科技产品已越来越多地介入人们的生活,正如长时间 使用 电脑、依靠键盘输入后会产生暂时性的书写困难一样,“手机幻听”也是因为过度的手机依赖而产生的。之所以产生这种依赖与现代人工作压力大也是分不开的,越 是工作出色的人做事越追求完美,甚至苛求细节,也就更容易产生依赖。

格 林说,轻微的手机幻听现象,时间短,频次低,可以被认作手机疲劳综合征,一般不影响健康。人有压力、有焦虑是正常的,需要注意的是如何去解压。对于大多数 轻度“手机幻听”的人而言,可以在应对上做一些适当的调节,根据自己的个性改变工作性质;或者调整工作、生活节奏,使自己得到放松;或者尝试通过经常更换 手机铃声,采用一些相对舒缓和轻松的乐曲,以转移注意力,放松身心,起到心理减压的作用。甚至可以寻找适当的一天将手机彻底关闭,充分获取轻松的自我空 间。

另 外,要从根源上预防手机幻听症,就要注意给自己减压,如每天定时打坐。或者短时间专注一下与工作无关的事,如十字秀、画画、练书法 等,都可舒缓心理压力。但如果出现持续、严重的幻觉,可能就是已发展为“强迫症”,真正严重的“幻听”属于精神分裂症的症状之一,应主动联系乐观心理咨询 中心,进行心理治疗。

更多解决方法

对待手机幻听症的最好方法首先就是“藐视它”。因为,正如人对很多物质,甚至对食物都会产生生理上的过敏一样,在精神上也会对许多不良刺激产生过敏,如失恋、失业、丧亲等,对手机的依赖所产生的过敏(幻听)只是其中最轻的一种。

其次,对待过敏的最好方法是远离或避开过敏原。在心理上对手机过敏,最好的方法也是远离它、避开它,甚至“消灭”它,把手机锁起来或者干脆不用。

第三,如果因工作的关系,需要随时接收和发出信息,可采用第二个办法——替代。现今,可以替代手机的通讯工具很多,电子邮件、传真、固定电话甚至写信、托人捎信都可以采用。

摆脱手机幻听的最好做法是彻底改变生活和工作方式,提倡过“慢生活”。这就能消除最根本的“致病原”——巨大的工作压力。少干点活,少做点事,少给自己定目标,多留一些时间给运动、朋友、家人和思考。压力一减轻,手机幻听的情形就会减轻乃至消失。

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