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什么才算是心理健康?-给力心理
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什么才算是心理健康?

什么才算是心理健康?
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发表时间:2015-03-10 11:20:14 231 0 0

什么是心理健康?其标准是什么?迄今为止还没有一个统一的观点。大致做到以下几个方面,就可以算是心理健康了。

第一,有一个积极进取的人生态度。

一个心理健康的人总是热爱人生、热爱生活、珍惜生命的,他们对生活乐观,对未来充满了希望,无论是对社会、还是对自己都是采取极其负责的态度,因而总是满腔热情地投身于生活,总是忘我地在为社会创造财富。对这些人来说,每天都是一个新的开始,每天都是一个新的台阶,不怕困难,不怕挫折,而且总是踏踏实实、认认真真地向他自己既定的目标前进。这类人用他们自己的行动去体验人生的价值,真切而深刻,所以总能享受到人生的乐趣,反过来更能激起自己积极进取的人生态度。

第二,对自我有恰当的认识。

第三,享有良好的人际关系。

心理健康的人,在与其他人打交道的时候,有以下这些特点。

1.不仅在理性上懂得处理好人际关系的重要性,而且总是显示一种积极的、乐于与人交往的态度。

2.懂得在交往过程中如何尊重人、理解人,从不将自己的观点强加到他人的身上。

3.能够平等地、宽容地、客观地了解、评价对方,不势利待人,与人相处时,总显示出同情、友善、信任、尊敬等积极的态度。

4.在与他人的交往中能够注意他人的长处,能较虚心地向他人学习。

5.当他人有困难时,总能采取真诚的、有效的帮助。

6.当与他人产生矛盾时,能做到“忍一时之气免百日之忧”,不主动出击,不“窝里斗”,能进行较好的沟通,并以理智的、合理的方式解决。

第四,有一个乐观的情绪状态。

情绪最容易反映人的心理状态,也最能影响人的身心健康。一般来说,情绪健康的人有以下这些特点。

1.没有过分的、不切实际的要求,所以很少有烦恼、不快,精神状态永远是饱满的、乐观的。

2.在自己的人生遇到麻烦时,能做到泰然处之,决不自寻烦恼或自我折磨;

3.一般能摆好自己与他人的关系,所以很少有麻烦的、别扭的事情引起自己心理的不快。

4.有修养,能较好地控制自己的情绪,当自己想发脾气时或暴怒来临时,自己能够意识到,并将其抑制于萌芽状态。

第五,有健全的人格。

心理健康的人,其人格结构,包括气质、能力、性格和理想、信念、动机、兴趣、人生观等各方面都能平衡发展;能够完整、协调、和谐地表现出具有自己特色的精神风貌;思考问题的方式是适中的和合理的;待人接物能采取恰当态度,对外界的刺激不会有偏激的情绪和行为;能够与社会的步调合拍,能和集体融为一体。

第六,道德心态的健康。

道德健康是世界卫生组织近几年来对健康内容界定的最新补充。一个道德不健康的人,很难说是一个完全意义上健康的人。那么,什么是道德心态的健康呢?大致有以下几点。

1.不做损人利己或损人不利己的事。

2.不仅有辨别真伪、善恶、荣辱、美丑等是非的能力,而且在自己的行为中去实践真善美,并能与假丑恶进行斗争。

3.能自觉地遵守社会的各种规范、准则,约束支配自己的行为。

4.能尽职尽责地完成自己的工作,尽自己的可能为社会多做贡献。

5.当社会或国家需要的时候,能够无条件地服从,牺牲自己的利益,甚至于自己的生命。

第七,具有良好的社会适应能力。

社会是复杂的,人与人之间的关系是比较难于处理的。但是心理健康的人并不因此而畏惧、害怕,而是能面对现实、正视现实、改造现实。对这些人来说,往往能做到审时度势,对周围的事物和环境能够做出客观的认识和评价,并能以积极进取的态度正确对待现实环境,既有高于现实的理想,又不沉湎于不切实际的幻想和奢望中,因而能应付比较复杂的局面;当发现自己处于不利的或困难的境地时,也不惊慌、恐惧,而是冷静地处理,将不利转化为有利,将困境转化为顺境,而且在这个过程中锻炼自己的聪明才智。

第八,智力活动正常。

智力活动正常,不一定是指智力超常(智力活动超常也属于智力活动正常的范畴),而是说,这类人的注意力、观察力、记忆力、思维力、想象力都是正常的,能较好地胜任自己的工作,头脑清醒,不糊涂,反应敏捷,思维清晰,逻辑性强,该当机立断的时候就当机立断,毫不犹豫。

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